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认识肥胖

ID: ANH17185chis
医学动画文字记录:认识肥胖。“超重”和“肥胖”这两个词的意思是一个人的体重高于其正常身高所应有的健康水平。一般来说,人们会因为能量不平衡而超重或肥胖。能量摄入来自于食物中的热量。能量消耗是指身体在运动过程中消耗的热量。随着时间的推移,如果摄入的能量小于消耗的能量,体重就会减轻。如果摄入的能量和消耗的能量差不多,体重就会保持不变。如果摄入的能量大于消耗的能量,体重就会增加。肥胖的风险包括:不活跃的生活方式,缺乏锻炼的场所,缺乏健康食品,饮食中富含高热量、高脂肪和高糖食物。食物分量过大、有超重或肥胖家族史、甲状腺功能减退和多囊卵巢综合征等疾病、某些药物的副作用、睡眠不足、让你想吃更多东西的情绪以及高热量不健康食品和饮料的广告。肥胖会增加患2型糖尿病、高血压、高胆固醇、心脏病、卒中和某些癌症等健康问题的风险。如果你有关于肥胖的问题,请咨询医生。
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