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静脉曲张的治疗:手术

ID: ANH17190chis
医学动画文字记录:静脉曲张是指静脉扩张、扭曲。它们通常发生在下肢。静脉曲张通常不会引发其他问题,但如果感觉很痛,或者你不喜欢静脉曲张导致的外观改变,你可能需要寻求治疗。治疗有助于防止手术后血栓形成,如全髋关节置换。有些患者可能出现皮肤变色、有搏动感、疼痛或抽筋、瘙痒、复发性皮肤感染、出血或溃疡。大多数的静脉曲张可以通过以下方法治疗。硬化疗法、用激光或微电子设备进行表面治疗、静脉切除术和静脉内消融术。这些治疗可以在医生的办公室进行,不需要大的切口,恢复期也很短。你可能需要在几周内进行不止一次的治疗才能看到效果。硬化疗法对小静脉和蜘蛛状血管效果最好。在治疗过程中,首先向静脉注入一种化学物质。这种化学物质会刺激静脉并形成瘢痕,从而使静脉闭塞和逐渐萎缩消失。表面激光和微电子治疗用于治疗皮肤表面附近的小静脉。在此治疗过程中,小脉冲激光或电流的热量会使静脉逐渐消失。静脉切除术也用于治疗皮肤表面附近的小静脉。在静脉切除术中,在静脉上方的皮肤上做一个小切口。然后,完整取出静脉。静脉内消融术是一种治疗较深静脉曲张的方法。在治疗过程中,将一根称为导管的软管通过一个小切口插入静脉。激光或无线电波的热量通过导管传入静脉。热量会使静脉闭塞并逐渐萎缩消失。在极少数情况下,医生可能会建议进行更具侵入性的手术,如静脉剥离。该手术通常需要住院进行,可能需要更多的恢复时间。通常在受损血管上方的皮肤上做2~3个切口。然后将静脉打结并通过下方切口取出。无论何种治疗方法都有好处,也都有风险。可以咨询医生,看看哪种静脉曲张治疗最合适你。

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